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Christ Lutheran Church of the Deaf
Silver Spring, Maryland

Old Testament Timeline

Israel's Early History
Approximate
DATE BC
  BIBLE TEXT
2100
Abraham [Abram] Genesis 12-25
2000
Isaac Genesis 21-27
  Jacob & Esau Genesis 25-49
1900
Joseph (Jacob's family
moves to Egypt)
Genesis 37-50
1500
Moses (Israel leaves Egypt)  Exodus-Deuteronomy
  Joshua (Israel enters Canaan) Joshua
  Series of "Judges" lead the
Israeli confederation:
    Othniel, Ehud, Deborah,
    Gideon, Jephthah, Samson,
    Samuel 
Judges,  Ruth,
1 Samuel 1-9
1050
King Saul          (40 yrs) 1 Samuel 10-31
1010
King David       (40 yrs) 2 Samuel, 1 Chronicles
970
King Solomon   (40 yrs) 1 Kings 1-11, 2 Chronicles 1-9

After the death of King Solomon,
the nation of Israel splits into two kingdoms.
Their history is told in
1 Kings, 2 Kings, 2 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles,
and Jeremiah

 
NORTH
SOUTH
TRIBES
10
2 (Judah & Benjamin)
NAME
ISRAEL
JUDAH
CAPITAL
CITY
The first capitals were
Shechem and Tirzah,
then Omri built Samaria
Jerusalem
KINGS'
FAMILIES
Several dynasties
changed by assassinations
All descendants of David
SPIRITUAL
QUALITIES
All the kings were bad,
promoting pagan worship
A few of the kings were good good 
most were bad bad
four started well but ended badly start good - end bad 


Timeline of Israel's Divided Kingdom

Northen Kingdom: "Israel"
Southern Kingdom: "Judah"
BC KINGS
Reign PROPHETS
KINGS
Quality
Reign
 930
Jeroboam 22 yrs
Ahijah
Shemaiah
Rehoboham
bad
17 yrs
       
Iddo
Abijah
bad
  3 yrs
     Nadab   2 yrs    
Asa
start good - end bad
41 yrs
908
Baasha 24 yrs  
Azariah
     
     
Jehu
Hanani
     
     Elah   2 yrs          
885
Zimri   7 days          
 
Omri 12 yrs          
 
   Ahab & Jezebel
22 yrs
Elijah
 
Jehoshaphat
good
25 yrs
     
 Micaiah
Eliezer
     
     Ahaziah   2 yrs
Elisha
       
     Joram 12 yrs  
 
Jehoram
bad
  8 yrs
841
Jehu 28 yrs    
Ahaziah
bad   1 yr
       
Jehoiada
Queen Athaliah
bad   7 yrs
       
Zechariah
Joash
start good - end bad
40 yrs
     Jehoahaz 17 yrs    
 
   
     Jehoash 16 yrs
 
 
Amaziah
start good - end bad
29 yrs
     Jeroboam II 41 yrs
Jonah
 
Azariah [Uzziah]
start good - end bad
52 yrs
     
Hosea
       
752
   Zechariah   6 mo
Amos
       
  Shallum   1 mo  
Isaiah
     
  Menahem 10 yrs          
     Pekahiah   2 yrs          
  Pekah 20 yrs  
Micah
Jotham good 16 yrs
     ObedAhazbad16 yrs
  Hoshea   9 yrs    
Hezekiah
good
29 yrs
722
Fall of Samaria
Assyrian exile
           
 
     
Manasseh
start good - end bad
55 yrs
         
Amon
bad
  2 yrs
640
     
Jeremiah
Josiah
good
31 yrs 
       
Huldah
     
       
Zephaniah
     
       
Nahum
Jehoahaz
bad
  3 mo
       
Habakkuk
Jehoiakim
bad
11 yrs
       
 (Obadiah?)
Jehoiakin
bad
  3 mo
         
Zedekiah
bad
11 yrs
586
     
 
Fall of
Jerusalem
   
         
Babylonian
Captivity
  70 yrs


Israel's Final Old Testament History

and the time between the OT and NT

YEARS
BC
EVENT
Prophets &
Jewish Leaders
EMPERORS
Foreign Rulers
 
Exile
  Babylonians
605
1st deportation
from Judah to Babylon
Jeremiah
    Nebuchadnezzar
597
2nd deportation
Ezekiel
 
586
3rd deportation
Fall of Jerusalem
Daniel
 
          Belshazzar
      Medo-Persians
538
 1st return  from
Babylon to Israel
Zerubbabel
    Cyrus
   
Sheshbazzar
 
   
Haggai
    Darius I
   
Zechariah
 
515
Temple Rebuilt
   
485
 
 Esther
    Xerxes
          Artaxerxes I
458
 2nd group return 
Ezra
 
432
 3rd group return 
Nehemiah
 
   
Malachi
    Darius II 
 
END OF O.T.
 
 



    Artaxerxes II
      Greeks
334
 Greek Conquest
      Alexander the Great
320
        Ptolomy I [Egypt]
311
        Seleucid Dynasty [Syria]
       
198
        Antiochus I,II,III [Syria]
175
Intense persecution
      Antiochus IV "Epiphanes"
167 
Jewish Revolt
Judas Maccabeus
Jewish independence
142
 
Hasmonean
Dynasty
 
 
 
 
Romans
63
Roman Conquest
 
    Pompey
37
        Herod the Great
 
BEGINNING  OF N.T.


6
Birth of John the Baptizer
   
5
Birth of Jesus
   

Click here for an Old Testamemt map.


Old Testament Timeline

Easy Summary
 Approx. Year BC 2000 1500  1000   500   5 
Person Abraham Moses David
Daniel
Jesus
Event Covenants Exodus Kingdom Exile Christmas

time line


Date references:
Concordia Self-Study Bible
Samuel J. Schultz, The Old Testament Speaks
Paul L. Meier, In the Fullness of Time

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